A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
the total leaf area (LAI).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.